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Symptoms of Benign Prostate Enlargement.

Symptoms of Benign Prostate Enlargement

The symptoms and its severity in men who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but these symptoms have a tendency to worsen slowly over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:

  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream and/or an interrupted urine stream that stops and starts
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate and the inability to delay urination – up to eight or more times a day
  • Dribbling at the end of urination including urinary incontinence, the accidental loss of urine
  • Increased frequency of urination at when sleeping at night (nocturia)
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder – urinary retention
  • Urine with an unusual colour or odour
  • Pain after ejaculation or during urination

Less common signs and symptoms include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

The size of your prostate doesn’t necessarily determine the severity symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have major symptoms, while others with enlarged prostates often suffer only minor urinary problems. Less than half of all men with BPH have lower urinary tract symptoms.

In some men, the symptoms are mild and do not need treatment and might even improve over time. In others, they can be very troublesome.

Symptoms of BPH most often come from:

  • A blocked urethra
  • A bladder that is overworked from trying to pass urine through the blockage

Many men do not discover that they have a blockage until they cannot urinate. This condition, called acute urinary retention, can result from taking over-the-counter cold, sinus congestion or allergy medications, such as those that treat hay fever.

A potential side effect of these drugs is that they may prevent the bladder neck from relaxing and releasing urine. Medications that contain antihistamines, such as Claritin and Zyrtec, can weaken the contraction of bladder muscles and cause urinary retention, difficulty urinating, and painful urination. Urinary retention may also occur as a result of alcohol consumption, cold temperatures, or a long period of inactivity.

Other conditions that can lead to symptoms similar to those caused by enlarged prostate include:

  • Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
  • Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture)
  • Scarring in the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery
  • Bladder or kidney stones
  • Problems with nerves that control the bladder
  • Cancer of the prostate or bladder

Once you believe you have the symptoms of BPH you should obtain a diagnosis from a doctor or urologist.